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Sustainable biomass pellets production using vineyard wastes

Show simple item record Șenilă, Lăcrimioara Țenu, Ioan Cârlescu, Petru-Marian Corduneanu, Oana-Raluca Dumitrachi, Emanuel-Petru Kovacs, Eniko Scurtu, Daniela-Alexandra Cadar, Oana Becze, Anca Șenilă, Marin Roman, Marius Dumitraș, Diana-Elena Roman, Cecilia 2023-04-18T06:12:24Z 2023-04-18T06:12:24Z 2020-10-26
dc.identifier.citation Senila, Lacrimioara, Ioan Tenu, Petru Carlescu, Oana Raluca Corduneanu, Emanuel Petru Dumitrachi, Eniko Kovacs, Daniela Alexandra Scurtu et al. 2020. "Sustainable Biomass Pellets Production Using Vineyard Wastes" Agriculture 10, no. 11: 501. en_US
dc.description.abstract Vineyards waste has a great importance as biomass, a renewable source of energy. In this paper eight vine shoot varieties were used for the production of pellets by densification of feedstock materials with four ranges of moisture contents (6–8%, 8–10%, 10–12% and 12–15%). A moisture content of 10% gave durability higher than 97.5% and a calorific value greater than 17 MJ kg−1 and the small durability was obtained for 6–8% moisture. The study shows the significant influence of water during densification. The physicochemical and energetic properties of pellets were evaluated in accordance with ISO 17225-6 (2014). The obtained pellets were also structurally characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). SEM analysis showed the formation of carbon microsphere after pelletization, due to the increase of bulk density and durability of pellets. Also, XRD analysis revealed the crystallinity of cellulose, while TGA analysis showed a total decomposition of pellets. The obtained pellets were burned in a domestic boiler and the flue gases were measured. The preliminary results showed that the vineyard residues had higher emissions, but below the admitted limits, with the exception of carbon monoxide content. The obtained results suggested that the biomass wastes can be used for the production of pellets, aiming to enhance the research for the manufacturing of these sustainable biofuels with some remarks regarding risk of corrosion and slag formation during prolonged use. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher MDPI
dc.rights CC BY 4.0
dc.subject solid biofuel en_US
dc.subject mechanical durability en_US
dc.subject densification en_US
dc.subject renewable energy en_US
dc.subject waste biomass en_US
dc.title Sustainable biomass pellets production using vineyard wastes en_US
dc.type Article en_US Lacrimioara Senila, Eniko Kovacs, Daniela Alexandra Scurtu, Oana Cadar, Anca Becze, Eniko Kovacs, Marin Senila, Marius Roman, Cecilia Roman, Research Institute for Analytical Instrumentation subsidiary, National Institute for Research and Development of Optoelectronics Bucharest INOE 2000, 67 Donath Street, 400293 Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Ioan Tenu, Petru Carlescu, Oana Raluca Corduneanu, Emanuel Petru Dumitrachi, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3 Mihail Sadoveanu Alley, 700490 Iasi, Romania Eniko Kovacs, Diana Elena Dumitras, Faculty of Horticulture, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3-5 Manastur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
dc.publicationName Agriculture
dc.volume 10
dc.issue 11
dc.publicationDate 2020
dc.identifier.eissn 2077-0472

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CC BY 4.0 Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC BY 4.0